Daguerreotype

Since the late Renaissance, artists and inventors had been looking for a mechanical method of capturing visual scenes. Previously, using the camera obscura, artists would manually trace what they saw, or use the optical image in the camera as a basis for solving the problems of perspective and parallax, and deciding color values.

The main problem was to find some way to record the image in the camera obscura (literally – dark room) to render it permanent.

Wedgewood had experimented with paper and leather coated with silver nitrate that formed an image without using a camera. The original negative was painted onto glass. But there was no method of “fixing” the picture, and it had to be kept in a dark room and as it was viewed in low light the picture deteriorated. Eventually sodium hyposuphate – today called sodium thiosulphate was used to wash out the unexposed silver nitrate that had not been reduced to silver.

In 1829, Louis J.M Daguerre designed a revolutionary camera about with Niépce a leader in photochemistry, the design of which, had a glass lens at the front of a wooden, light tight box. This design, ( in Europe known as a ‘casette’) translated into most if not all of the later processes in large format cameras until today.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: